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Professor Lynne Cameron

Profile summary

Professional biography

As an applied linguist, I work with language in use. My research investigates how people use metaphor in discourse activity.

Research interests

From 2009-2012 an ESRC Global Uncertainties Research Fellow, with a project entitled "Living with Uncertainty: Metaphor and the dynamics of empathy".

Research projects:

I began researching metaphor in classroom discourse and then examined post-conflict reconciliation meetings. From these empirical studies, a methodology for metaphor analysis has been developed, funded through the ESRC’S National Centre for Research Methods and contributed to by active researchers in the field. The Metaphor Analysis website listed above offers students and scholars an illustrated procedure for working with metaphor in talk or text.

Metaphor analysis was employed in the ESRC project "Perception and Communication of Terrorist Risk" (2005-07). Funded under the New Security Challenges programme, and based at University of Leeds, this project investigated how people think about terrorist risk and its impact on their lives.

Current project

A dynamic model of empathy is being developed through investigation into how people speak of 'the Other'. Metaphor analysis is being further developed as a tool for social science research that can reveal something of people's ideas, attitudes and values. With collaborators in Brazil, USA and the UK, I am finding out how living with the uncertainties created by urban violence, terrorism, and increased migration can affect social empathy.


Open hearts or smoke and mirrors: metaphorical framing and frame conflicts in a public meeting (2014-07-01)
Ritchie, L. David and Cameron, Lynne
Metaphor and Symbol, 29(3) (pp. 204-223)

Metaphorizing violence in the UK and Brazil: a contrastive discourse dynamics study (2014-02-18)
Cameron, Lynne; Pelosi, Ana and Moraes Felta, Heloisa Pedroso de
Metaphor and Symbol, 29(1) (pp. 23-43)

Empathic mutual positioning in conflict transformation and reconciliation (2013-08)
Seu, Irene Bruna and Cameron, Lynne
Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 19(3) (pp. 266-280)

The dialogic construction of self and other in response to terrorism (2013-02)
Cameron, Lynne; Maslen, Robert and Todd, Zazie
Peace and Conflict, 19(1) (pp. 3-22)

Landscapes of empathy: spatial scenarios, metaphors and metonymies in responses to distant suffering (2012-05)
Cameron, Lynne and Seu, Irene Bruna
Text & Talk, 32(3) (pp. 281-305)

The discourse dynamics approach to metaphor and metaphor-led discourse analysis (2009)
Cameron, Lynne; Maslen, Robert; Todd, Zazie; Maule, John; Stratton, Peter and Stanley, Neil
Metaphor and Symbol, 24(2) (pp. 63-89)

The social cognitive dynamics of metaphor performance (2008-03)
Gibbs, Raymond W. and Cameron, Lynne
Cognitive Systems Research, 9(1-2) (pp. 64-75)

Research methodology on language development from a complex systems perspective (2008)
Larsen-Freeman, Diane and Cameron, Lynne
Modern Language Journal, 92(2) (pp. 200-213)

Complex systems and applied linguistics (2007-07)
Cameron, Lynne and Larsen-Freeman, Diane
International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 17(2) (pp. 226-239)

Patterns of metaphor use in reconciliation talk (2007-03)
Cameron, Lynne J.
Discourse and Society, 18(2) (pp. 197-222)

Confrontation or complementarity?: Metaphor in language use and cognitive metaphor theory (2007)
Cameron, Lynne
Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 5(1) (pp. 107-135)

Intonation units in spoken interaction: Developing transcription skills (2007)
Stelma, Juurd H. and Cameron, Lynne J.
Text and Talk, 27(3) (pp. 361-393)

MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse (2007)
Crisp, Peter; Gibbs, Raymond; Deignan, Alice; Low, Graham; Steen, Gerard; Cameron, Lynne; Semino, Elena; Grady, Joe; Cienki, Alan; Kövecses, Zoltan and The Pragglejaz Group,
Metaphor and Symbol, 22(1) (pp. 1-39)

The emergence of metaphor in discourse (2006-12)
Cameron, Lynne and Deignan, Alice
Applied Linguistics, 27(4) (pp. 671-690)

Figurative variation in episodes of educational talk and text (2004-12)
Cameron, Lynne and Low, Graham
European Journal of English Studies, 8(3) (pp. 355-373)

Metaphor clusters in discourse (2004)
Cameron, Lynne and Stelma, Juup
Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(2) (pp. 107-136)

Combining large and small corpora to investigate tuning devices around metaphor in spoken discourse (2003)
Cameron, Lynne and Deignan, Alice
Metaphor and Symbol, 18(3) (pp. 149-160)

Metaphors in the learning of science: A discourse focus (2002-10-01)
Cameron, Lynne
British Educational Research Journal, 28(5) (pp. 673-688)

Measuring vocabulary size in English as an additional language (2002-04-01)
Cameron, Lynne
Language Teaching Research, 6(2) (pp. 145-173)

Metaphor identification: an applied linguistics perspective (2002-02)
Low, Graham and Cameron, Lynne
Language and Literature, 11(1) (pp. 84-90)

Metaphor and Reconciliation: The Discourse Dynamics of Empathy in Post-Conflict Conversations (2011-12)
Cameron, Lynne
Routledge Studies in Linguistics
ISBN : 9780415956758 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : New York, USA

Complex Systems and Applied Linguistics (2008)
Larsen-Freeman, Diane and Cameron, Lynne
Oxford Applied Linguistics
ISBN : 9780194422444 | Publisher : Oxford University Press | Published : Oxford, UK

Metaphor in educational discourse (2003)
Cameron, Lynne
Advances in Applied Linguistics
ISBN : 826449409 | Publisher : Continuum | Published : London, UK

Teaching languages to young learners (2001-03)
Cameron, Lynne
ISBN : 9780521773256 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge, UK

Metaphor in spoken discourse (2011-11-16)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Gee, James Paul and Handford, Michael eds. The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis. (pp. 342-355)
ISBN : 978-0-415-55107-6 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : London

Metaphor in prosaic and poetic creativity (2011-08-31)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Swann, Joan; Pope, Robert and Carter, Ronald eds. Creativity in Language and Literature: The State of the Art (pp. 68-82)
ISBN : 9780230575592 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : London, UK

Metaphor in physical-and-speech action expressions (2010)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Low, Graham; Todd, Zazie; Deignan, Alice and Cameron, Lynne eds. Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World. Human Cognitive Processing (26) (pp. 333-356)
ISBN : 9789027223807 | Publisher : John Benjamin | Published : Amsterdam, Netherlands

Metaphor and talk (2008-12)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Gibbs, Raymond ed. The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology (pp. 197-211)
ISBN : 9780521600866 | Publisher : Cambridge University Press | Published : Cambridge

Metaphor shifting in the dynamics of talk (2008)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Zanotto, Mara Sophia; Cameron, Lynne and Cavalcanti, Marilda C. eds. Confronting metaphor in use: An applied linguistic approach. Pragmatics & Beyond (pp. 45-62)
ISBN : 9789027254177 | Publisher : John Benjamins | Published : Amsterdam

A discourse approach to metaphor: explaining systematic metaphors for literacy processes in a school discourse community (2008)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Tyler, Andrea; Yiyoung, Kim and Takada, Mari eds. Language in the Context of Use: Usage-based Approaches to Language and Language Learning. Cognitive Linguistics Research (37) (pp. 321-339)
ISBN : 978-3-11-019619-1 | Publisher : De Gruyter Mouton | Published : New York, USA

Metaphor in the construction of a learning environment (2008)
Cameron, Lynne
In: Berendt, Eric ed. Metaphors for Learning. Human Cognitive Processing (22) (pp. 159-176)
ISBN : 9789027223760 | Publisher : John Benjamin | Published : Amsterdam

Metaphor Analysis: Research Practice in applied Linguistics, Social Sciences and the Humanities (2010-06)
Cameron, Lynne and Maslen, Robert eds.
Studies in Applied Linguistics
ISBN : 9781845534462 | Publisher : Equinox | Published : London

Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World (2010)
Low, Graham; Todd, Zazie; Deignan, Alice and Cameron, Lynne eds.
Human Cognitive Processing
ISBN : 9789027223807 | Publisher : John Benjamin | Published : Amsterdam, Holland

Confronting Metaphor in Use: An applied linguistic approach (2008)
Zanotto, Mara Sophia; Cameron, Lynne and Cavalcanti, Marilda C. eds.
Pragmatics & Beyond
ISBN : 9789027254177 | Publisher : John Benjamins | Published : Amsterdam

Writing in English as an Additional Language at Key Stage 2 (2004)
Cameron, Lynne and Besser, Sharon
DfES Publications, Nottingham, UK.

Writing in English as an Additional Language at Key Stage 4 and post-16 (2003)
Cameron, Lynne
Ofsted, London.