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Dr Gill Clough

Gill Clough

Profile summary

Web links

Professional biography

I have worked in research at the OU since 2009 on a range of Educational Technology projects including the PI Project, xDelia, JuxtaLearn and currently the Centre for Policing Research and Learning, and the OU/Policing Consortium.

The Police Consortium consists (Feb 2017) of 17 member police forces from across the UK and nations, and I am working with officers and staff at all levels on knowledge exchange activities called Evidence Cafes. Evidence Cafes last 2-3 hours during which academics connect up with frontline police officers and open up their research findings to scrutinee from people with very real practical experience. This makes policing research all the more 'real' for the police for whom it is intended, and gives academics and researchers som frank and honest feedback from experts in practice. Both officers and academics emerge from these events with insights into each others' worlds. 

Research interests

My main research interests are location-aware mobile technologies, social technologies and the implications they have on how we learn in a digital age.

I currently work as a  Research Fellow working on Evidence Cafés with the Center for Policing Research and Learning. Translating research evidence into policing practice. Evidence Cafés are an opportunity for knowledge exchange. Academics engaged in policing research report back on Consortium or Centre research or on topics of interest to Consortium members and officers discuss evidence based policing and the challenges of translating research evidence into practice. The Cafés aim to stimulate discussion, disseminate research, collect and collate feedback from participants and develop research engagement among police officers. 

I created a short, 2 minute video from one of our early Evidence Cafes held in at Weymouth Police HQ.

My previous research project, JuxtaLearn, focused on addressing the problems of threshold concepts. School and University students studying science and technology often encounter barriers to their understanding of complex concepts. However, unlike in the arts, students are frequently poorly motivated to overcome these barriers. Focusing on ‘performance’ JuxtaLearn provokes student curiosity in science and technology through creative film making editing, sharing and commenting. For further details of the JuxtaLearn project, please go to the website




Research groups

NameTypeParent Unit
Computers and Learning Research Group (CALRG)GroupInstitute of Educational Technology


Evidence Cafes: Overcoming conflicting motivations and timings (2020-09-22)
Clough, Gill and Adams, Anne
Research for All, 4(2) (pp. 145-149)

Evidence Cafés and Practitioner Cafés supported by online resources: A route to innovative training in practice based approaches (2017-11-28)
Clough, Gill; Adams, Anne and Halford, Eric
European Police Science and Research Bulletin: Special Conference Edition No. 3(3) (pp. 115-122)

Turn it on its head! Juxtaposed Learning (2015-12)
Adams, Anne; Hartnett, Elizabeth and Clough, Gill
Creative Education ((In Press))

The e-assessment burger: supporting the before and after in e-assessment systems (2015)
Adams, Anne and Clough, Gill
Interaction Design and Architecture(s), 25 (pp. 39-57)

Challenges in personalisation: supporting mobile science inquiry learning across contexts (2013-03)
Jones, Ann; Scanlon, Eileen; Gaved, Mark; Blake, Canan; Collins, Trevor; Clough, Gill; Kerawalla, Lucinda; Littleton, Karen; Mulholland, Paul; Petrou, Marilena and Twiner, Alison
Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 8(1) (pp. 21-42)

Mobile learning: two case studies of supporting inquiry learning in informal and semiformal settings (2013-02)
Jones, Ann; Scanlon, Eileen and Clough, Gill
Computers & Education, 61 (pp. 21-32)

Doing geography: a multimodal analysis of students' situated improvisational interpretation during fieldtrips (2012)
Kerawalla, Lucinda; Littleton, Karen; Scanlon, Eileen; Collins, Trevor; Gaved, Mark; Mulholland, Paul; Jones, Ann; Clough, Gill and Blake, Canan
Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 1(2) (pp. 78-89)

Personal inquiry learning trajectories in geography: technological support across contexts (2011)
Kerawalla, Lucinda; Littleton, Karen; Scanlon, Eileen; Jones, Ann; Gaved, Mark; Collins, Trevor; Mulholland, Paul; Blake, Canan; Clough, Gill; Conole, Grainne and Petrou, Marilena
Interactive Learning Environments, 21(6) (pp. 497-515)

Using netbooks to support mobile learners' investigations across activities and places (2010-11)
Gaved, Mark; Collins, Trevor; Mulholland, Paul; Kerawalla, Lucinda; Jones, Ann; Scanlon, Eileen; Littleton, Karen; Blake, Canan; Petrou, Marilena; Clough, Gill and Twiner, Alison
Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 25(3) (pp. 187-200)

Geolearners: Location-based informal learning with mobile and social technologies (2010)
Clough, G.
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 3(1) (pp. 33-44)

A learning community for teens on a virtual island - The Schome Park Teen Second Life Pilot project (2009-06)
Gillen, Julia; Twining, Peter; Ferguson, Rebecca; Butters, Oliver; Clough, Gill; Gaved, Mark; Peachey, Anna; Seamans, Dan and Sheehy, Kieron
eLearning Papers, 2009(15) (

Learning in the Panopticon: ethical and social issues in building a virtual educational environment (2008)
Sheehy, K.; Ferguson, R. and Clough, G.
International Journal of Social Science. Special Edition: Virtual Reality in Distance Education, 2(2) (pp. 25-32)

Informal learning with PDAs and smartphones (2007-12-10)
Clough, G.; Jones, A. C; McAndrew, P. and Scanlon, E.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 24(5) (pp. 359-371)

Augmented education: bringing real and virtual learning together (2014-05-01)
Sheehy, Kieron; Ferguson, Rebecca and Clough, Gill
Digital Education and Learning
ISBN : 978-1137342812 | Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan | Published : Basingstoke

Geocaching: Inquiry Learning with a Sense of Adventure (2018)
Clough, Gill
In: Herodotou, Christothea; Sharples, Mike and Scanlon, Eileen eds. Citizen Inquiry: Synthesising Science and Inquiry Learning
ISBN : 9781138208698 | Publisher : Routledge

Seeking planning permission to build a Gothic cathedral in a virtual world: exploring the schommunity (2012-10-18)
Gillen, Julia; Ferguson, Rebecca; Clough, Gill; Peachey, Anna and Twining, Peter
In: Merchant, Guy; Gillen, Julia; Marsh, Jackie and Davies, Julia eds. Virtual Literacies: Interactive Spaces for Children and Young People. Routledge Research in Education (pp. 190-207)
ISBN : 978-0-415-89960-4 | Publisher : Routledge | Published : Abingdon

Introduction: challenging education in virtual worlds (2010-01)
Ferguson, Rebecca; Sheehy, Kieron and Clough, Gill
In: Sheehy, Kieron; Ferguson, Rebecca and Clough, Gill eds. Virtual Worlds: Controversies at the Frontier of Education. Education in a Competitive and Globalizing World
ISBN : 978-1-60876-261-3 | Publisher : Nova Science Publishers | Published : Hauppauge, N.Y

Reflecting back, looking forward: the challenges for location-based learning (2010)
Brown, Elizabeth; Sharples, Mike; Wishart, Jocelyn; Tangney, Brendan; Taylor, Jacqui; Beddall-Hill, Nicola L.; Glahn, Christian; Börner, Dirk; Clough, Gill; Wijers, Monica; Jonker, Vincent; Cook, John and Lyons, Leilah
In: Brown, Elizabeth ed. Education in the Wild: Contextual and Location-Based Mobile Learning in Action. A Report from the STELLAR Alpine Rendez-Vous Workshop Series (pp. 52-53)
ISBN : 9780853582649 | Publisher : Learning Sciences Research Institute, University of Nottingham | Published : Nottingham, UK

Virtual worlds are authentic sites for learning (2010)
Clough, Gill and Ferguson, Rebecca
In: Sheehy, Kieron; Ferguson, Rebecca and Clough, Gill eds. Virtual Worlds: Controversies at the Frontier of Education. Education in a Competitive and Globalizing World
ISBN : 978-1-60876-261-3 | Publisher : Nova Science Publishers | Published : Hauppauge, N.Y.

Informal learning evidence in online communities of mobile device enthusiasts (2009-03)
Clough, Gill; Jones, Ann; McAndrew, Patrick and Scanlon, Eileen
In: Ally, Mohamed ed. Mobile Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training. Issues in Distance Education (pp. 99-112)
ISBN : 978-1-897425-43-5 | Publisher : Athabasca University Press

Virtual Worlds: Controversies at the Frontier of Education (2010-01)
Sheehy, Kieron; Ferguson, Rebecca and Clough, Gill eds.
ISBN : 978-1-60876-261-3 | Publisher : Nova Science Publishers | Published : Hauppauge, N.Y.

Tools and Technologies for Advancing Professional Development (2019-06-18)
FitzGerald, Elizabeth; Adams, Anne; Bektik, Duygu; Bossu, Carina; Clough, Gill; Ismail, Nashwa and Sargent, Julia
In : CALRG Annual Conference 2019 (17-18 Jun 2019, The Open University, Milton Keynes)

Evidence Cafes and Practitioner Cafes: Translating research into Police Practice (2017)
Clough, Gill and Halford, Eric
In : CEPOL 2016 (5-7 Oct 2016, Budapest, Hungary)

Threshold Concepts Vs. Tricky Topics - Exploring the Causes of Student's Misunderstandings with the Problem Distiller Tool (2016-04)
Cruz, Sara; Lencastre, José Alberto; Coutinho, Clara; Clough, Gill and Adams, Anne
In : 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Education (21-23 Apr 2016, Rome, Italy) (pp. 205-215)

A game based approach to improve traders' decision-making (2015-09-21)
Fenton-O'Creevy, Mark; Adam, Marc; Clough, Gill; Conole, Grainne; Gaved, Mark; Lins, Jeffrey Todd; Lindley, Craig; Peffer, Gilbert; Scanlon, Eileen and Smidts, Ale
In : The International Gamification for Business Conference 2015: Strategic Industrial Applications of Games and Gamification (21-22 Sep 2015, Innovation Birmingham, Faraday Wharf, Innovation Birmingham Campus, Holt Street, Birmingham Science Park Aston, Birmingham, B7 4BB)

Artistic participatory video-making for science engagement (2014)
Adams, Anne; Hartnett, Elizabeth; Clough, Gill; Grand, Ann and Goldsmith, Rick
In : CHI 2014 annual ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Science (26 Apr - 1 May 2014, Toronto, Canada)

A learning design to support the emotion regulation of investors (2012-02-04)
Fenton-O'Creevy, Mark; Conole, Grainne; Lins, Jeffrey; Peffer, Gilbert; Adam, Marc; Lindley, Craig; Smidt, Ale; Clough, Gill and Scanlon, Eileen
In : OECD-SEBI International Conference on Investor Education (3-4 Feb 2012, Goa, India)

Methods and models of next generation technology enhanced learning - White Paper (2011)
Mwanza-Simwami, Daisy; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Clough, Gill; Whitelock, Denise; Ferguson, Rebecca and Sharples, Mike
In : Alpine Rendezvous 2011 (28-29 Mar 2011, La Clusaz, France)

Shifting themes, shifting roles: the development of research blogs (2010-09)
Ferguson, Rebecca; Clough, Gill and Hosein, Anesa
In : 'Into Something Rich and Strange' - Making Sense of the Sea-Change. The 17th Association for Learning Technology Conference (ALT-C 2010) (7-9 Sep 2010, Nottingham, UK)

Using participatory evaluation to support collaboration in an interdisciplinary context (2010-05)
Clough, Gill; Conole, Gráinne and Scanlon, Eileen
In : Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Networked Learning 2010 (3-4 May 2010, Aalborg, Denmark)

Being a Geographer: the role of mobile, scripted inquiry in mediating embodied meaning-making during Geography fieldtrips (2010)
Kerawalla, Lucinda; Scanlon, Eileen; Jones, Ann; Littleton, Karen; Mulholland, Paul; Collins, Trevor; Twiner, Alison; Clough, Gill; Blake, Canan; Petrou, Marilena; Conole, Grainne and Gaved, Mark
In : 9th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mlearn 2010) (19-22 Oct 2010, Valletta, Malta)

Behavioural finance and immersive games: a pan-European framework for design and evaluation (2009-12)
Clough, Gill; Conole, Gráinne and Scanlon, Eileen
In : Same places, different spaces - Proceedings ascilite Auckland 2009 (6-9 Dec 2009, Auckland, New Zealand)

Technological mediation of personal inquiry in UK GCSE geography: opportunities and challenges (2009)
Kerawalla, Lucinda; Scanlon, Eileen; Twiner, Alison; Jones, Ann; Littleton, Karen; Conole, Grainne; Mulholland, Paul; Collins, Trevor; Blake, Canan; Clough, Gill and Gaved, Mark
In : CAL09 - Learning in Digital Worlds (23-25 Mar 2009, Brighton, UK)

Postgraduate blogs: beyond the ordinary research journal (2007-09-04)
Ferguson, Rebecca; Clough, Gill and Hosein, Anesa
In : Research Proceedings of the 14th Association for Learning Technology Conference (ALT-C 2007) Beyond control: learning technology for the social network generation (4-6 Sep 2007, Nottingham, UK)

Investigating mobile science learning in workplace settings (2007)
Marshall, Christine; Issroff, Kim; Scanlon, Eileen; Blake, Canan; Holliman, Richard; Smidt, Samantha; Clough, Gill; Banks, Frank; Jones, Ann; Roche, Nel and Waycott, Jenny
In : CAL07: Development, Disruption and Debate - D3 (26-28 Mar 2007, Dublin, Ireland)

PDAS as workplace tools for science teachers (2007)
Scanlon, Eileen; Banks, Frank; Blake, Canan; Clough, Gill; Jones, Ann; Holliman, Richard; Issroff, Kim; Marshall, Christine; Roche, Nel; Smidt, Samantha and Waycott, Jenny
In : IADIS International Conference - Mobile Learning 2007 (5-7 Jul, Lisbon, Portugal)

Using mobile devices for learning in informal settings: is it motivating? (2006)
Jones, Ann; Issroff, Kim; Scanlon, Eileen; Clough, Gill; McAndrew, Patrick and Blake, Canan
In : IADIS International Conference on Mobile Learning (14-16 Jul 2006, Dublin) (pp. 251-255)

Geolearners: Informal Learning with Mobile and Social Technologies (2009-09-17)
Clough, Gill
PhD thesis The Open University

Police Knowledge Exchange: Summary Report (2018)
Adams, Anne; Clough, Gill and FitzGerald, Elizabeth
The Open University, UK

Police Knowledge Exchange: Full Report 2018 (2018)
Adams, Anne; Clough, Gill and FitzGerald, Elizabeth
The Open University, UK

Evidence Cafes: A How-To Guide (2017)
Clough, Gill and Adams, Anne
The Open University

xDelia final report: emotion-centred financial decision making and learning (2012-09-25)
Peffer, Gilbert; Fenton-O'Creevy, Mark; Adam, Marc; Astor, Philipp; Cederholm, Henrik; Clough, Gill; Conole, Gráinne; Davies, Gareth; Eriksson, Jeanette; Gaved, Mark; Heuer, Stephan; Jerčić, Petar; Lindley, Craig; Todd Lins, Jeffrey; van Overveld, Mark; Scanlon, Eileen; Schaaff, Kristina and Smidts, Ale
Open University, CIMNE, Milton Keynes UK.

xDelia: emotion-centred financial decision making and learning (final report) (2012)
Peffer, Gilbert; Fenton-O'Creevy, Mark; Adam, Marc; Astor, Philip; Cederholm, Henrik; Clough, Gill; Conole, Grainne; Davies, Gareth; Eriksson, Jeanette; Gaved, Mark; Heuer, Stephan; Jercic, Petar; Lindley, Craig; Lins, Jeffrey Todd; van Overveld, Marc; Scanlon, Eileen; Schaaff, Kristina and Smidts, Ale
xDelia Consortium, Milton Keynes, UK.