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Cost of illness*

Perseverance time of informal caregivers for people with dementia: construct validity, responsiveness and predictive validity

Background: Informal care is essential for many people with dementia (PwD), but it often results in a considerable burden for the caregiver. The perseverance time instrument integrates the aspect of perceived burden with the caregiver's capacity to cope with the burden, in contrast to most available instruments, which measure solely the burden of caregiving.

Tue, 01/22/2019 - 11:40

Good and Bad Days: Fluctuations in the Burden of Informal Dementia Caregivers, an Experience Sampling Study

Background: Informal dementia caregivers (IDCs) are often confronted with important fluctuations in care-related burden, commonly described as "good and bad days." These fluctuations are overlooked by traditional questionnaires focusing on the average experience. The experience sampling method (ESM) is based on the repeated collection of data in everyday life, thereby allowing the description of day-to-day fluctuations in IDC burden, and the identification of their correlates.

Tue, 01/22/2019 - 11:05

Costs and quality of life in community-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease in Spain: results from the GERAS II observational study

Background: Country-specific data on resource use and costs associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) help inform governments about the increasing need for medical and financial support as the disease increases in prevalence.; Methods: GERAS II, a prospective observational study, assessed resource use, costs, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with AD and their caregivers in Spain.

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 16:27

The role of medical/nursing skills training in caregiver confidence and burden: A CanCORS study

Background: Informal cancer caregivers provide essential support to cancer patients, including performing direct medical/nursing tasks, assisting with activities of daily living, and offering social support.

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 15:48

Positive and negative outcomes of informal caregiving at home and in institutionalised long-term care: a cross-sectional study

Background: Our ageing society is putting tremendous strain on public health and welfare programs to meet the needs of ageing individuals. Promoting informal caregiving is one way for policymakers to reduce this burden. However, caregiving may be experienced as stressful and is associated with adverse health consequences. While quite a lot of research focuses on caregiving for community-dwelling older adults, little is known about informal care in institutionalised long-term care (ILTC).

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 15:04

The determinants of informal caregivers' burden in the care of frail older persons: a dynamic and role-related perspective

Research into informal caregivers' burden does not distinguish between different stages of impairment. This study explored the determinants of burden from an in-depth perspective in order to identify which determinants apply to which phases of impairment.; Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including frail older persons aged 65 and above. Instruments used were the interRAI Home Care, the Zarit-12 interview and an ad hoc economic questionnaire.

Mon, 01/21/2019 - 14:55

Psychological well-being over time among informal caregivers caring for persons with dementia living at home

Objectives: To investigate informal caregivers' psychological well-being and predicted increase in psychological well-being, when caring for persons with dementia (PwDs) living at home, related to caregiver, PwD and formal care (FC) factors.; Method: A cohort study at baseline and 3 months' follow-up in eight European countries. Caregivers included (n = 1223) were caring for PwDs aged ≥ 65 years at home. Data on caregivers, PwDs and FC were collected using standardized instruments.

Thu, 01/03/2019 - 14:29

Burden of informal caregivers of stroke survivors: Validation of the Zarit burden interview in an African population

Background: Informal care giving can be burdensome particularly where the option of institutionalized informal care scarcely exist.; Objective: To look at the burden of informal caregivers of stroke survivors using the Zarit burden interview (ZBI).; Method: 64 stroke survivors were assessed for demographics of age, gender, duration of follow-up since discharged from in-patient care, modified Rankin score at the time of discharge and at the time of evaluation for this study and the most important informal care giver at home was also assessed

Wed, 01/02/2019 - 13:18

Costs of dementia in the Czech Republic

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the cost of dementia in the Czech Republic.; Methods: One hundred and nineteen patient-caregiver dyads participated in our multicenter observational cost-of-illness study. The modified Resource Utilization in Dementia Questionnaire was used as the main tool to collect data from patients and caregivers. Medical specialists provided additional data from medical records. The average costs of dementia were calculated and patients were then divided by the level of cognitive impairment.

Wed, 01/02/2019 - 13:05

Caring for Individuals with Chronic Illness and Minor Depression: Latino Perceptions of Caregiver Burden

Informal caregiving can be fundamental to disease management. Yet, the psychosocial, physical, and financial burden experienced by caregivers can be significant. In the US, Latinos experience increasing rates of chronic conditions, the highest uninsured rates in the country, and a growing dependence on informal caregivers. This article explores the impact of caregiving on caregivers of individuals with comorbid chronic disease and depression.

Wed, 01/02/2019 - 09:48

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