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The association between activities of daily living and long hours of care provided by informal caregivers using a nationally representative survey in Japan

Highlights

  • We determined the relationship between long hours of care and the assistance in each activity of daily living (ADL) element.

  • The assistance in wiping of the body, dressing and toileting were significantly associated with longer hours of care .

  • To support caregivers effectively, it is important to consider the kinds of ADL elements of the care recipients.

Tue, 08/11/2020 - 14:05

The Kintun program for families with dementia: From novel experiment to national policy (innovative practice)

The Kintun program is the first public health strategy specifically designed for dementia care in Chile. It was launched in 2013 in the city of Santiago with support from the National Service for the Elderly and the Municipality of Peñalolén. Using an interdisciplinary team, the program seeks to promote community integration and better support for persons with dementia and their caregivers. The multicomponent program includes: an activity-based day care center, training and education of family caregivers, home visits, and community outreach to increase dementia awareness.

Mon, 02/17/2020 - 13:43

Equitably improving outcomes for cancer survivors and supporting caregivers: A blueprint for care delivery, research, education, and policy

Cancer care delivery is being shaped by growing numbers of cancer survivors coupled with provider shortages, rising costs of primary treatment and follow-up care, significant survivorship health disparities, increased reliance on informal caregivers, and the transition to value-based care. These factors create a compelling need to provide coordinated, comprehensive, personalized care for cancer survivors in ways that meet survivors' and caregivers' unique needs while minimizing the impact of provider shortages and controlling costs for health care systems, survivors, and families.

Sun, 06/09/2019 - 21:14

Policy and advocacy for informal caregivers: How state policy influenced a community initiative

With a growing proportion of elderly in the global population, the role of 'informal caregivers' gains importance. Informal caregivers are unpaid family members or friends who provide assistance to home-dwelling adults with health-related needs or limitations. Internationally, informal caregivers provide important medical support to those with a variety of diseases.

Wed, 04/10/2019 - 13:35

Processes of user participation among formal and family caregivers in home-based care for persons with dementia

Scandinavian health policy supports prolonged home-based care for people with dementia. User participation is expected to reduce family burden. The aim of this study was to explore how formal and family caregivers experience collaboration while providing home-based dementia care, with a focus on user participation. Seventeen qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted among formal and family caregivers in rural municipalities. The theme identified during this process was 'negotiating participation in decisions'. This theme was analysed using positioning theory.

Mon, 08/20/2018 - 15:30

Bridging troubled waters: family caregivers, transitions and long term care

Families are the bedrock of long-term care, but policymakers have traditionally considered them “informal” caregivers, as they are not part of the formal paid caregiving workforce. As chronic and long-term care systems have become more complex and as more demanding tasks have been shifted to families, this view is no longer sustainable. The care transition process offers a critical opportunity to treat family caregivers as important care partners. Enhancing their involvement, training, and support will contribute to reducing unnecessary rehospitalizations and improving patient outcomes.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:22

Caring for carers

Department of Health strategy for supporting informal carers 'Carers at the Heart of 21st Century Families and Communities' (2008), which addresses government short-term commitments and a 10-year plan. The key principles are summarised and reactions from carers and organisations are reviewed. A case study of a community learning disability nurse supporting a mother and her learning disabled son is included. [(BNI unique abstract)] 

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:22

Caring for Elder Parents: A Comparative Evaluation of Family Leave Laws

As the baby boomer generation ages, the need for laws to enhance quality of life for the elderly and meet the increasing demand for family caregivers will continue to grow. This paper reviews the national family leave laws of nine major OECD countries (Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom) and provides a state-by-state analysis within the U.S. We find that the U.S. has the least generous family leave laws among the nine OECD countries. With the exception of two states (California and New Jersey), the U.S.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:20

Between disruption and continuity: challenges in maintaining the 'biographical we' when caring for a partner with a severe, chronic illness

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive illness that changes the lives of patients and their spouses dramatically. The aim of this paper is to show how spouses of COPD patients integrate their tasks as informal carers with their role as spouses and the tensions and challenges involved in this. The study draws on qualitative interviews with spouses of COPD patients, recruited from the patient pool of ambulatory pulmonary services of two hospitals in Oslo, Norway. The spouses described their great efforts to re-establish normality and continuity in their everyday lives.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:19

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