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Dyadic psychological intervention for patients with cancer and caregivers in home-based specialized palliative care: The Domus model

Objective: Patients with incurable cancer and their informal caregivers have numerous psychological and psychosocial needs. Many of these patients wish to receive their care and die at home. Few home-based specialized palliative care (SPC) interventions systematically integrate psychological support. We present a psychological intervention for patient–caregiver dyads developed for an ongoing randomized controlled trial (RCT) of home-based SPC, known as Domus, as well as the results of an assessment of its acceptability and feasibility.

Mon, 04/08/2019 - 11:48

Factors emerging from the "Zarit Burden Interview" and predictive variables in a UK sample of caregivers for people with dementia

Background: Caring for persons with dementia (PWD) can create “caregiver burden,” which is associated with negative outcomes for caregivers and PWD. The ZBI (Zarit Burden Interview) is a widely used unitary measure of caregiver burden. However, recent research has found caregiver burden to be multi-dimensional. The purpose of this study was to explore the factor structure of the ZBI within a sample of UK caregivers. A secondary aim was to identify variables that predicted burden dimensions found.

Fri, 04/05/2019 - 10:33

The roles of unmet needs and formal support in the caregiving satisfaction and caregiving burden of family caregivers for persons with dementia

Background: A growing number of studies are emphasizing the importance of positive and negative appraisals of caregiving and the utilization of social resources to buffer the negative effects of caring for persons with dementia. By assessing the roles of unmet needs and formal support, this study tested a hypothesized model for Korean family caregivers’ satisfaction and burden in providing care for persons with dementia. Methods: The stress process model and a two-factor model were used as the conceptual framework for this study.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 16:10

Do services meet the needs of people with dementia and carers living in the community? A scoping review of the international literature

Background: Providing effective support to the increasing number of people with dementia to remain at home is a challenge for families, health professionals, service providers, and governments worldwide. The aim of this paper was to summarize and disseminate the current international research evidence on the met and unmet needs of people with dementia and their carers, to inform researchers and policy-makers.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 14:11

The Treatment of Informal Care-Related Risks as Social Risks: An Analysis of the English Care Policy System

The social risk literature examines the extent to which states have provided social protection against the 'old' social risks of the post-war era and the 'new' social risks affecting post-industrial capitalist states. In this paper the contingency of the provision of informal care to people aged 65 and over is discussed. The paper deconstructs the concept of social risk to determine the characteristics and processes which contribute to states recognising specific contingencies as social risks which require social protection.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 14:02

Widening the net: Exploring social determinants of burden of informal carers

Objectives: Providing care for a person with dementia or other chronic illness at home often places stress on the primary caregiver. In an Irish population, ~67% of carers reported experiencing extreme physical or mental tiredness. This study aimed to identify factors that influence carer burden and identify the sub-populations of carers who are most susceptible to burden.

Mon, 04/01/2019 - 12:11

Exploring factors that impact the decision to use assistive telecare: perspectives of family care-givers of older people in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom (UK), an ageing population met with the reduction of social care funding has led to reduced support for older people marked with an increased demand on family care-givers. Assistive telecare (AT) devices are viewed as an innovative and effective way to support older people. However, there is limited research which has explored adoption of AT from the perspectives of family care-givers. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 family care-givers of patients who used the Assistive Telehealth and Telecare service in Cambridgeshire, UK.

Mon, 04/01/2019 - 10:28

Developing a carer identity and negotiating everyday life through social networking sites: an explorative study on identity constructions in an online Swedish carer community

An overarching reason why carers do not utilise support services is that many people who perform care-giving do not necessarily self-identify as a carer. Understanding the development of carer identities is therefore crucial for the utilisation of different carer-focused health services. This study arose from the European Union-funded INNOVAGE project and aimed to describe how older carers conceptualise and understand their identity as carers on a Swedish online social forum. Theoretically the study adopts a constructionist approach and the method of netnography was applied.

Fri, 03/29/2019 - 11:06

Validation of a model of family caregiver communication types and related caregiver outcomes

Objective: Caring for the family is included as one of the eight domains of quality palliative care, calling attention to the importance of the family system and family communications about cancer during care and treatment of the disease. Previously, a model of family caregiver communication defined four caregiver communication types - Manager, Carrier, Partner, Lone - each with a unique communication pattern.

Fri, 03/29/2019 - 10:29

"There isn't an easy way of finding the help that's available." Barriers and facilitators of service use among dementia family caregivers: a qualitative study

Background: Family caregivers of people with dementia have significant unmet needs in regard to their caregiving role. Despite this, they are reluctant to utilize services to reduce their burden. The aim of this study was to examine the barriers and facilitators of service use among family caregivers of people with dementia. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 family caregivers of community-dwelling people with dementia. Of these, 12 were partner caregivers (4 men, 8 women) and 12 were offspring caregivers (2 men, 10 women).

Thu, 03/28/2019 - 12:09