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Applied social sciences index & abstracts (assia) assia - exported on 8/7/2016

Cancer and faith. Having faith - does it make a difference among patients and their informal carers

This research considers the impact of having a religious faith on the cancer experience of patients and informal carers, focusing primarily on the association between faith and psychosocial needs. A questionnaire survey of 1000 patients in the north-west of England returned 402 completed questionnaires; around two-thirds of patients indicated they had an informal carer.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:12

Stroke: an exploration of the experience of informal caregiving

OBJECTIVE: To explore the experience of caregiving in informal carers of stroke patients.

DESIGN: The research approach was qualitative. Data were collected one year after the stroke occurred using a semi-structured interview. The audio-taped interviews were transcribed and following this process were analysed thematically using constant comparative procedures.

SETTING: West of Scotland.

SUBJECTS: Twenty-two informal carers of stroke patients.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:12

Psychological and physiological effects of caring for patients with treatment-resistant depression

Carers of patients with psychiatric disorders show high levels of anxiety and depression, possibly mediated through disruption of the hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Among carers of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD), we set out to determine the psychological and physiological (HPA axis) consequences of caring, and the association of these consequences with long-term outcome in patients.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:11

An evaluation of the domiciliary occupational therapy service in palliative cancer care in a community trust: a patient and carers perspective

In the past 20 years there has been considerable growth in the provision of palliative care services. The shift in emphasis from hospice and hospital care to the development of community services has been significant. This enables people to be cared for at home and is in keeping with Government agenda. While this may be beneficial for the patient and fit in with the wishes of the family, it is likely to put heavy demands on the coping resources of individual carers.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:11

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for the management of sickle cell disease pain: identification and assessment of costs

Objective. The aim of the present study was to investigate the economic validity of using a psychological intervention in the management of sickle cell disease (SCD). Thomas et al . ( Br J Health Psychol 1999; 4: 209-29) concluded that cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) appears to be immediately effective for the management of SCD pain in terms of reducing psychological distress pain as well as improving coping. Method. The costs of management of SCD were evaluated using a societal viewpoint.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:11

Informal carers' experience of caring for stroke survivors

BACKGROUND: Stroke is the third most common cause of death in industrialized countries and a major cause of adult disability. However, the burden of caring for stroke survivors usually rests with family members who have neither chosen nor volunteered for the role of 'carer'.

AIMS: This paper reports on a study which aimed to describe the experience of caring for a stroke survivor at one year after stroke in Scotland.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:10

Evaluating the influence of implicit models of mental disorder on processes of shared decision making within community-based multi-disciplinary teams

This paper reports findings from a qualitative study concerning the influence of implicit models of mental disorder on shared decision making within community-based mental health teams. One-hundred participants representing five distinct multi-agency groups: psychiatrists, community psychiatric nurses, approved social workers, patients and informal carers operating within Leicestershire, England were interviewed using a standard case vignette describing a person whose behaviour suggests he may have schizophrenia.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:10

Existential needs of people with psychotic disorders in Porto Alegre, Brazil

Background Needs for care in service users with schizophrenia are often defined by professionals and focus on basic needs for health and social care rather than broader existential issues.

Aims To examine the perceptions of users and formal and informal carers of the needs of people with non-affective psychosis.

Method A qualitative study was conducted involving focus groups of service users and informal and formal carers in a major Brazilian city.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:10

Systematic review of the problems and issues of accessing specialist palliative care by patients, carers and health and social care professionals

Objectives: To determine the problems and issues of accessing specialist palliative care by patients, informal carers and health and social care professionals involved in their care in primary and secondary care settings. Data sources: Eleven electronic databases (medical, health-related and social science) were searched from the beginning of 1997 to October 2003.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:10

Home or hospital? an evaluation of the costs, preferences, and outcomes of domiciliary chemotherapy

This study compares the costs and outcomes of domiciliary and hospital-based chemotherapy, using a prospective randomized cross-over design. Eighty-seven eligible patients were recruited from oncology services at two metropolitan hospitals in Sydney, Australia. Forty patients completed study evaluation requirements, having two months of chemotherapy in each location (home and hospital). The domiciliary service was staffed by hospital-based oncology nurses. Marginal costs of domiciliary treatment over hospital treatment were estimated from the health service perspective.

Thu, 07/20/2017 - 15:09