You are here

  1. Home
  2. Carer variables

Carer variables

Clicking on a theme will take you to a list of all resources within that theme. You can click on an author's name to find further resources by that author, and use the DOI and other links to access the original source material (note: some source materials require subscription or permission to access). In addition, clicking on the title of any individual resource shows details about the source of the information such as the type of reference, ISBN/ISSN, publication year, keywords. A number of these fields can then be used to find further resources i.e. with the same keywords, or by the same author using the links on the right-hand side and within the Key Information box.

Resources exploring the characteristics and features of different types of carer and caring situations are listed within the following 17 themes:

Adult children

Adults caring for parents/in-laws, and parents caring for adult children with disabilities.

Carer characteristics

The characteristics and features of carers in different situations and relationships.

Caring at a distance

Long distance care, and managing care when not co-resident or in propinquity.

Caring for a sick/disabled child

Family members  caring for children under 18 with a long-term condition, including physical disability, mental health and learning disability.

Cultural factors

Cultural and social factors that affect caring situations and relationships.


Specific aspects of caring in BME communities.

Expert carers

Carers as experts in the needs of those they care for.

Friends, neighbours and siblings

Carers supporting friends, neighbours or siblings.

Gender and care

Gender differences and similarities in carers.

Hidden carers

The challenges of identifying and finding carers who are hidden or hard to reach.


The caring situations of LGBT carers and those they support.

Older carers

Ageing carers and their needs.

Projections of carer supply

The future of care; predicting supply and demand factors.

Relationships and care

The multiple relationships in caring including parents; children; siblings; intergenerational care; mutual support; non-kin care, and other caring dyads.

Rural issues

Particular issues and challenges for carers in rural areas.

Sandwich carers

Carers with simultaneous caring responsibilities for parents and children, and for managing care alongside other demands.

Spouse care

Caring for a spouse/partner and co-dependency.

Young carers

Young people – children and young adults – who are caring for other family members and are often hidden from view; their needs and support.