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Autism spectrum disorder

Social Support and Family Functioning in Chinese Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Background: Families caring for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported poorer family functioning. Social support might strengthen family functioning, but limited research to date has focused on this association in China. Methods: This study conducted a cross-sectional survey of Chinese families that have children with ASD to examine the relationship between social support and family functioning.

Wed, 06/22/2022 - 11:44

Satisfaction with informal supports predicts resilience in families of children with autism spectrum disorder

Background: The current study examined the role of informal supports in predicting resilience among families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: Participants included 153 caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder, who were between the ages of 2 and 18 years (M = 10.45; SD = 4.32). Caregivers completed a measure of satisfaction with informal supports as well as the Family Resilience Assessment Scale-autism spectrum disorder.

Sat, 06/18/2022 - 15:57

Quality of Life Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic for Caregivers of Children with ADHD and/or ASD

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has presented many challenges to caregivers of children. Families with children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are an understudied but potentially vulnerable population to changes during the outbreak. As such, the aim of this study was to contrast quality of life for caregivers of children with ADHD and/or ASD, before and during the pandemic, compared to caregivers of neurotypical (NT) children.

Thu, 06/16/2022 - 19:54

Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typically Developing Peers: An Online Survey

Background: When COVID-19 was declared as a pandemic, many countries imposed severe lockdowns that changed families' routines and negatively impacted on parents' and children's mental health. Several studies on families with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) revealed that lockdown increased the difficulties faced by individuals with ASD, as well as parental distress. No studies have analyzed the interplay between parental distress, children's emotional responses, and adaptive behaviors in children with ASD considering the period of the mandatory lockdown.

Mon, 06/13/2022 - 11:26

Predictors of Caregiver Strain for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Background: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face higher levels of caregiver strain compared to parents of children with other disabilities. This study examined child clinical features that predict high levels of caregiver strain for 374 parents of children with ASD. Methods: Caregiver strain was measured using the Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ) objective, subjective internalized, and subjective externalized subscales.

Sun, 06/12/2022 - 16:00

The Protective Role of Social Support Sources and Types Against Depression in Caregivers: A Meta-Analysis

Background: The protective effects of social support for caregiver mental health are well documented, however the differential impact of support providers (partner, child, family, siblings, friends, professionals) and types (perceived, received) remain unclear. Methods: Observational data from 21 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 2273 parents, stepparents and grandparents of children (aged ≤ 19) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were examined. Pearson's r, publication bias and heterogeneity were calculated using random effects modelling.

Thu, 06/09/2022 - 17:22

From Syringe to Spoon Feeding: A Case Report of How Occupational Therapy Treatment Successfully Guided the Parents of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Prematurity in an Outpatient Clinic

This case report details how occupational therapy treatment in an outpatient setting successfully guided the parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder and a history of prematurity from restrained syringe feedings to the acceptance of spoon feedings. Occupational therapy practitioners are qualified, needed and available to assess and treat feeding disorders in children with autism spectrum disorder and a history of prematurity. Family-centered practice must be utilized for successful outcomes in an outpatient service delivery model.

Wed, 06/01/2022 - 12:57

Chinese Parents' Understanding of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Background: This study investigated family perceptions of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in China. Design: A survey with open-ended questions assessing knowledge of ASD and its causes was distributed via nine ASD organisations across five different cities in Southern China. Results: Results were analysed from a total of 104 Chinese caregivers who reported on their children or grandchildren with an ASD diagnosis. The results suggested that a large proportion of these families had limited understanding of ASD.

Fri, 01/28/2022 - 15:39

Autism-specific parenting self-efficacy: An examination of the role of parent-reported intervention involvement, satisfaction with intervention-related training, and caregiver burden

Background: Parenting self-efficacy, described as the beliefs parents hold about their ability to successfully parent their children, has been shown to support parent and child well-being. Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder face disproportionately high levels of demand both as caregivers, and as partners in multiple, complex, intervention programs.

Thu, 01/13/2022 - 12:57

Psychosocial resources developed and trialled for Indigenous people with autism spectrum disorder and their caregivers: a systematic review and catalogue

Background: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face many psychosocial challenges throughout life, highlighting the need for programs and resources promoting psychosocial wellbeing. Indigenous peoples with ASD and/or other neurodevelopmental disorders must overcome cultural and social barriers to access such supports.

Sun, 12/13/2020 - 17:39

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