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Parent-mediated interventions for promoting communication and language development in young children with Down syndrome

Background: Communication and language development are areas of particular weakness for young children with Down syndrome. Caregivers' interaction with children influences language development, so many early interventions involve training parents how best to respond to their children and provide appropriate language stimulation. Thus, these interventions are mediated through parents, who in turn are trained and coached in the implementation of interventions by clinicians.

Mon, 01/16/2023 - 12:12

Caregivers' Perceptions of Speech-Language Pathologist Talk About Child Language and Literacy Disorders

Purpose: This study examined caregiver perceptions of their child's language and literacy disorder as influenced by communications with their speech-language pathologist.

Wed, 01/11/2023 - 13:21

Parent Perspectives on Pediatric Inpatient OpenNotes

Introduction: 169 U.S. health systems now engage in OpenNotes: a movement to share clinical notes with patients. Few studies have focused on releasing notes during hospitalization, pediatrics, or parents/caregiver perspectives.

Thu, 01/05/2023 - 15:51

Family therapy for autism spectrum disorders

Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by impairments in communication and reciprocal social interaction. These impairments can impact on relationships with family members, augment stress and frustration, and contribute to behaviours that can be described as challenging. Family members of individuals with ASD can experience high rates of carer stress and burden, and poor parental efficacy.

Thu, 01/05/2023 - 14:58

Parent-Child Communication Outcomes of a RCT Testing a Legacy Intervention for Children with Advanced Cancer (GP703)

Objectives: Explain gaps in legacy research for pediatric palliative care and oncology. Explain key components of our legacy intervention for children with advanced cancer. Explain methods of our study that was part of a larger RCT. Importance: Although legacy-building is a priority for quality palliative care, research has rarely examined effects of legacy interventions in children, particularly their impact on parent-child communication. Objective(s): We examined the impact of a legacy intervention on parent-child communication.

Wed, 12/28/2022 - 20:14

Effectiveness and acceptability of parent training via telehealth among families around the world

Teaching parents to conduct functional analyses and to implement functional communication training is an efficacious approach for treating socially maintained problem behavior (Derby et al., 1997). Research has found that delivering this assessment and intervention package via telehealth technologies is efficient and acceptable to caregivers in the United States (Wacker et al., 2013b). We replicated this work with families residing in rural and urban areas of eight countries.

Tue, 12/20/2022 - 12:39

Factors influencing nurse-to-parent communication in culturally sensitive pediatric care: a qualitative study

Background: To deliver quality healthcare to diverse patients, effective commmunication is key. Little evidence exists about what factors influence nurse-to-parent communication in culturally sensitive pediatric care. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore factors that influence nurse-to-parent communication in the provision of culturally sensitive pediatric care. Design: This study employed a qualitative content analysis.

Tue, 12/20/2022 - 11:58

Medical care experiences of children with autism and their parents: A scoping review

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families may benefit from the provision of additional supports in health care settings, particularly when preparing for and attending medical appointments. This review examined literature that describes experiences in medical care settings from the perspective of patients under age 18 with ASD and their caregivers. A scoping review was conducted to examine the experiences of children with ASD and their families in medical care settings. Twenty-nine studies meeting inclusion criteria were identified and reviewed.

Tue, 12/13/2022 - 14:04

"Why Couldn't I Go in To See Him?" Bereaved Families' Perceptions of End‐of‐Life Communication During COVID‐19

Background/Objective: The COVID‐19 pandemic has resulted in rapid changes to end‐of‐life care for hospitalized older adults and their families, including visitation restrictions. We examined bereaved families' perceptions of the quality of end‐of‐life communication among Veterans, families and staff in Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Design: Qualitative descriptive study using data from a survey of bereaved family members of Veterans administered from March–June 2020.

Mon, 07/25/2022 - 20:22

Video decision support tool promoting values conversations in advanced care planning in cancer: protocol of a randomised controlled trial

Background: Views on advance care planning (ACP) has shifted from a focus solely on treatment decisions at the end-of-life and medically orientated advanced directives to encouraging conversations on personal values and life goals, patient-caregiver communication and decision making, and family preparation. This study will evaluate the potential utility of a video decision support tool (VDST) that models values-based ACP discussions between cancer patients and their nominated caregivers to enable patients and families to achieve shared-decisions when completing ACP’s.

Mon, 07/25/2022 - 11:44

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