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  2. Exploring the experience of the disclosure of a dementia diagnosis from a clinician, patient and carer perspective: a systematic review and Meta-ethnographic synthesis

Exploring the experience of the disclosure of a dementia diagnosis from a clinician, patient and carer perspective: a systematic review and Meta-ethnographic synthesis

Objectives: The objective of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesise qualitative research that explores the experience of the disclosure of a dementia diagnosis from the perspectives of clinicians, patients and carers. Method: A systematic search of four databases, grey literature and reference lists identified 13 studies, which met the required criteria to be included in the review. All were appraised using a quality appraisal tool. Data were extracted and synthesised using a meta-ethnographic approach. Results: Five key themes were developed from an interpretation of the results: the clinician's approach; how to tell people the diagnosis is dementia; the importance of the clinician offering hope; level of understanding; and who should attend the disclosure meeting. The process can be improved through a compassionate clinician offering hope, answers to patient and carer questions, and written and/or visual information to support understanding of the diagnosis. These features could be included in guidance to clinicians. There was a large amount of variance in the quality of the studies. Future qualitative research could focus on clinician compassion, giving hope, the management of dynamics within sessions, supporting information and follow-up sessions. Conclusion: Clinical practice can be informed by a body of literature but there is much work to be done to develop evidence-based detailed guidance for improving the dementia diagnosis experience for all parties, and supporting clinicians to manage inherent tensions in this process. Further research is required on this topic to addresses the shortcomings highlighted in this review.

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Key Information

Type of Reference
Jour
Type of Work
Review
Publisher
Taylor & Francis
ISBN/ISSN
1360-7863
Publication Year
2019
Issue Number
12
Journal Titles
Aging & Mental Health
Volume Number
23
Start Page
1605
End Page
1615