Aims and Methods: This qualitative, systematic review explored the influence of gender on children's and young people's caring roles. Findings: However, there was very limited research in this area. Eight studies were included and the synthesis yielded seven global themes. The meta- ethnography produced a higher- order concept— the gendered reproduction of children's and young people's caring. Conclusions: The review shows that children and young people are relied on as a caring resource in the global North and South. We emphasise that gender equality in caring, particularly among adults, is necessary to enhance the lifechances of girls and young women.