The study evaluated how changes in the status of women in the Israeli Arab sector are perceived in light of the role of women as main caregivers of older adults. Interviews with 25 older adults and 27 family members were conducted. Qualitative analysis consisted of constant comparisons and contrasts of relevant themes. Two main themes emerged from the interviews. The first theme was the expected and actual role of women. The immediate response of most interviewees was the expectation that women are responsible for housework in their own home and in that of their aging parents.