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Do attachment anxiety and hostility mediate the relationship between experiential avoidance and interpersonal problems in mental health carers?

Carers of people with mental illness frequently report interpersonal difficulties in their caring relationship, and experiential avoidance likely contributes to these problems. This study aimed to examine the relationship between experiential avoidance and eight interpersonal problem domains amongst lay mental health carers, and tested the mediating role of attachment anxiety and hostility. In addition, an alternative (reverse) mediation was tested in which experiential avoidance played the mediating role.

Thu, 04/04/2019 - 18:40

Help-seeking barriers and facilitators for affected family members of a relative with alcohol and other drug misuse: A qualitative study

Aims: To identify affected family members' (AFMs) experiences of barriers and facilitators to informal and formal help-seeking for themselves and on behalf of a close relative with alcohol and other drug (AOD) misuse. Methods: Qualitative study, informed by interpretative phenomenological analysis. Semi-structured, audio-recorded, telephone interviews were used to collect data from 31 AFMs.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 13:14

Help-seeking barriers and facilitators for affected family members of a relative with alcohol and other drug misuse: A qualitative study

Aims: To identify affected family members' (AFMs) experiences of barriers and facilitators to informal and formal help-seeking for themselves and on behalf of a close relative with alcohol and other drug (AOD) misuse. Methods: Qualitative study, informed by interpretative phenomenological analysis. Semi-structured, audio-recorded, telephone interviews were used to collect data from 31 AFMs.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 13:13

Holding Up More Than Half the Sky

In recognition of the contributions that women made to Chinese society, Mao Zedong said that “women hold up half the sky.” In my family of origin, I am 1 of 5 children. Our ages range from mid-70s to early 60s. On Mother’s Day 2017 our mother “went home” following 2 years of steady decline. Mom lived on her own for 34 years, and she did quite well managing her affairs, keeping house, and visiting her children who were scattered around the country. But failing eyesight, hearing loss, and an inability to maintain personal hygiene and adequate nutrition and hydration began to take hold.

Wed, 04/03/2019 - 12:05

The Effect of a Brief Cognitive Behavioural Stress Management Programme on Mental Status, Coping with Stress Attitude and Caregiver Burden While Caring for Schizophrenic Patients

This experimental study was carried out using a pre-test/post-test control group model to evaluate the effect of a "Brief Cognitive Behavioural Stress Management Programme" (BCBSMP) on mental status, coping with stress attitude, and caregiver burden while caring for patients with schizophrenia. A total of 61 caregivers who provided care for schizophrenia patients at a community mental health centre were included in the study. Caregivers were matched according to gender and scale scores and were assigned to either the study or the control group.

Fri, 03/29/2019 - 11:41

A person-centred approach in nursing: Validity and reliability of the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool

Purpose: The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) was developed for use among family caregivers in palliative care for assessment of their support needs. The purpose of this study was to translate and evaluate the validity and reliability of the CSNAT in a sample of Swedish family caregivers and nurses in a palliative care context. Methods: Data for this validation study was collected during 2016 in the context of palliative home care in two larger Swedish cities.

Fri, 03/29/2019 - 11:02

The Trial of Ascertaining Individual Preferences for Loved Ones' Role in End-of-Life Decisions (TAILORED) Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Improve Surrogate Decision Making

Context Patients with terminal illnesses often require surrogate decision makers. Prior research has demonstrated high surrogate stress, and that despite standards promoting substituted judgment, most patients do not want their surrogates to make pure substituted judgments for them. It is not known how best to help loved ones fulfill the surrogate role. Objectives To test the effectiveness of an intervention to help surrogate decision makers.

Thu, 03/28/2019 - 15:14

The Use of Life-Sustaining Procedures in the Last Month of Life Is Associated With More Depressive Symptoms in Surviving Spouses

Context Family caregivers of individuals with serious illness who undergo intensive life-sustaining medical procedures at the end of life may be at risk of negative consequences including depression. Objectives The objective of this study was to determine the association between patients' use of life-sustaining procedures at the end of life and depressive symptoms in their surviving spouses. Methods We used data from the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of U.S. residents, linked to Medicare claims data.

Thu, 03/28/2019 - 14:03

Family caregiving: Updates from the field

The data on family caregiving is sobering and it behooves all to become familiar with several recent monographs and reports from the field. Happ looks at some reports that provide important data and evidence useful as caregivers develop, test, and implement best, conscientious practices in the discharge of older adults from acute care settings.

Mon, 03/25/2019 - 13:28

Assessment of Burden Among Family Caregivers of People With Parkinson's Disease Using the Zarit Burden Interview

Context Previous studies have supported the psychometric properties of the 22-Item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-22) scale among family caregivers of people with various disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its short forms have not been psychometrically tested among PD family caregivers, and available psychometric analyses have not accounted for the ordinal nature of item-level data.

Mon, 03/25/2019 - 13:07