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Oxford university press

Caregivers of Frail Elders: Updating a National Profile

Purpose: Family caregivers comprise the backbone of long-term-care provision in the United States, yet little is known about how the composition and experience of family caregiving has changed over time. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from the 1989 and 1999 National Long-Term Care Survey and Informal Caregiver Survey to develop nationally representative profiles of disabled older adults and their primary informal caregivers at two points in time.

Tue, 01/25/2022 - 12:05

Antecedents and Outcomes of Enrichment Among Working Family Caregivers of People With Dementia: A Longitudinal Analysis

Objectives: Despite evidence of negative aspects of the work–caregiving interface (e.g. work–family conflict) among family caregivers of people with dementia (PWD), little is known about the positive aspects (e.g. enrichment). We examined antecedents and outcomes of family-to-work enrichment (FWE) and work-to-family enrichment (WFE) among working family caregivers of PWD. In terms of antecedents, we investigated whether factors that alleviated work–family conflict increased enrichment.

Wed, 12/15/2021 - 10:57

Psychological Well-Being Among Informal Caregivers in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging: Why the Location of Care Matters

Objectives A caregiving stress perspective suggests that caregiving harms psychological well-being in informal caregivers, whereas a caregiving rewards perspective suggests that provision of care benefits psychological well-being. This research examines whether both perspectives apply to caregiving experiences, but differently by the primary location of caregiving (i.e. in-home, other residence, and institution), as well as by gender.

Tue, 04/06/2021 - 17:42

Measuring family caregivers' experience of interprofessional care for patients and families: development of the Japanese version of the Caregivers' Experience Instrument

Background: Improving individuals' experience of care is now a critical goal of health care systems.

Tue, 04/06/2021 - 09:56

Meaning of empowerment in peritoneal dialysis: focus groups with patients and caregivers

Background. While peritoneal dialysis (PD) can offer patients more independence and flexibility compared with in-center hemodialysis, managing the ongoing and technically demanding regimen can impose a burden on patients and caregivers. Patient empowerment can strengthen capacity for self-management and improve treatment outcomes. We aimed to describe patients' and caregivers' perspectives on the meaning and role of patient empowerment in PD. Methods.

Tue, 04/06/2021 - 09:47

How Effective Are Dementia Caregiver Interventions? An Updated Comprehensive Meta-Analysis

Background and Objectives: Caring for a person with dementia places a significant burden upon informal caregivers and leads to decreased psychological and physical health, which is why dementia caregiver interventions have been developed. However, empirical evidence for the efficacy of those interventions is inconclusive and the last comprehensive meta-analysis (Pinquart & Sorensen. Helping caregivers of persons with dementia: Which interventions work and how large are their effects? International Psychogeriatrics.

Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:40

Caregivers’ Mental Health and Somatic Symptoms During COVID-19

This study examines differences in the mental and physical health of the U.S. population during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic among 3 groups: noncaregivers, short-term caregivers (1 year or less), and long-term caregivers (greater than 1 year). Data from the Understanding America Study are used to describe group differences in reports of psychological distress and somatic symptoms. Logistic and negative binomial regression models are used to examine whether these differences persist after adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, and prepandemic health conditions.

Tue, 03/23/2021 - 10:48

Division of Parent Care Among Adult Children

Objectives Many older adults rely on their children's support to sustain community residence. Although filial norms encourage adult children to help their parents, not every child provides parent care in times of need. The majority of prior studies have adopted an individualistic perspective to examine factors associated with individual children's caregiving behavior.

Fri, 03/19/2021 - 12:19

Caring for Older Adults With Vision Impairment and Dementia

Background and Objectives: Dementia and vision impairment (VI) are common among older adults but little is known about caregiving in this context. Research Design and Methods: We used data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study, a nationally representative survey of Medicare beneficiaries, linked to their family/unpaid helpers from the National Study of Caregiving. Vision impairment was defined as self-reported blindness or difficulty with distance/near vision. Probable dementia was based on survey report, interviews, and cognitive tests.

Thu, 03/11/2021 - 18:08

Caregiver Well-Being and Burden: Variations by Race/Ethnicity and Care Recipient Nativity Status

Background and Objectives: Despite growing diversity among the aging population and extensive previous research on racial/ethnic minority caregivers, little research has been conducted on the potentially unique experiences and outcomes of informal caregivers of foreign-born care recipients. Using nationally representative data and the Stress Process Model, the current study examined the differences in caregiver outcomes (care burden, psychological well-being, and self-rated health) by care recipient nativity status (U.S.-born vs.

Wed, 03/10/2021 - 17:57

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