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An international systematic review of dementia caregiving interventions for Chinese families

Objectives: Older Asians and Chinese are among the least studied populations in the dementia caregiving literature. This review seeks to critically synthesize the literature on intervention characteristics, components and tailoring strategies for dementia family caregivers in Chinese communities globally. Methods: Five electronic databases (PsychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar) were searched for articles published between 1980 and July 2018. The protocol of this review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42019132800). Results: Twenty‐nine unique interventions across 39 papers met inclusion criteria. Results from descriptive and thematic syntheses revealed that most interventions were psychoeducational, CBT‐based, multicomponent, structured, and less than a year in duration. Disease education, management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, stress coping techniques, and referral to community resources were frequently included in interventions. Community‐, culture‐ and language‐focused strategies were used to tailor interventions. The most common tailoring strategies were: (a) using community networks and media for outreach and recruitment; (b) making translations and language adaptations to the intervention materials; and (c) focusing on trust and therapeutic alliance. Most interventions produced desired outcomes, particularly reducing caregiver burden and increasing self‐efficacy. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first review to date that systematically synthesized the characteristics and tailoring of dementia caregiving interventions for Chinese families globally. Current findings suggest that most interventions are effective, although many only superficially address Chinese culture. Future research should incorporate Chinese values and cross‐cultural challenges into caregiving interventions for deep‐level adaptations that could potentially be more effective to engage and support Chinese caregivers.

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Key Information

Type of Reference
Jour
Type of Work
Review
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
ISBN/ISSN
0885-6230
Publication Year
2020
Issue Number
11
Journal Titles
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume Number
35
Start Page
1263
End Page
1284