Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) influences a child's emotional and social well-being, as well as his or her physical health. The influence of AD on the daily lives of parents and caregivers has also been documented. This study examined how parenting stress is affected by demographic background, characteristics of children's AD, and their family systems.
Methods: The participants were mothers of children, aged 2-6 years old, who had been diagnosed with AD. The predictive power of a model of parenting stress was examined using multiple regression analysis (stepwise), with parenting stress (PSI-SF) as the dependent variable, and children's demographics, including characteristics of AD; parents' demographics; QoL of families of children with AD (JCMV-CADIS); and family functioning (FAI) as independent variables. We handled missing values using a multiple imputation method.
Results: The pooled coefficients obtained from the multiple regression analysis after multiple imputation indicated that "family cohesion," "family system flexibility," "emotions related to social factors" and "occupation of mother" determined parenting stress. Lower family cohesion and family system flexibility predicted higher parenting stress. The high impact of "emotions related to social factors" on families' QoL predicted higher parenting stress. Full-time work by mothers predicted lower parenting stress.
Conclusions: The current results reveal that "family cohesion," "family system flexibility," "emotions related to social factors" and "full-time work by mothers" predicted parenting stress of mothers who had children with AD.